The 10 commandments are an integral part of Christianity and Judaism. They are the standing point of moral life. These biblical laws come from the Old Testament, Exodus 20:1-17 and Deuteronomy 5:6-21.
The numbering and interpretation of these commandments tend to somewhat vary in different traditions. Originally, God gave these laws to the people of Israel (after leading them out of Egypt) through Moses on Mount Sinai.
Here are the Ten Commandments
- “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. You shall have no other gods before Me.”
- “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth; you shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me, but showing mercy to thousands, to those who love Me and keep My Commandments.”
- “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes His name in vain.”
- “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor and do all your work, but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord your God. In it you shall do no work: you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your male servant, nor your female servant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger who is within your gates. For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it.”
- “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long upon the land which the Lord your God is giving you.”
- “You shall not murder.”
- “You shall not commit adultery.”
- “You shall not steal.”
- “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.”
- “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, nor his male servant, nor his female servant, nor his ox, nor his donkey, nor anything that is your neighbor’s.”
As per the Exodus story, God gave these spiritual laws to Moses on two stone tablets. According to Exodus 31:18, these guiding principles were “inscribed by the finger of God”. You can read more about the 10 Commandments at Wikipedia.
Besides, you can visit this page to find out how the Ten Commandments are restated throughout the Old and New Testament.
Furthermore, the greatest commandment is the one that states the importance of love of God. Matthew 22:36-38 states:
“Master, which is the great commandment in the law?
Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.
This is the first and great commandment.”
The 10 Commandments, however, do not specify punishments for their violations.